UN emissions gap report a “thunderous wake-up call” – sport news football96

According to the UN Environment Program, national plans to reduce CO2 emissions are far behind what is necessary to avert dangerous climate change.

Their emissions gap report says country pledges will fail to keep global temperature below 1.5 ° C this century.

The Unep analysis suggests that the world is on its way to a warming of 2.7 ° C with enormously devastating effects.

However, there is hope that temperatures can be contained significantly if long-term net-zero targets are met.

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Just days before COP26 opens in Glasgow and yet another scientific report on climate change is “another thundering wake-up call,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres

This week we already had a WMO study showing that warming gases hit a new high last year despite the pandemic.

This emissions gap report is now in its 12th year dealing with the nationally determined contributions (NDCs) or CO2 saving plans that countries submitted to the UN before the COP.

These pledges run until 2030 and were submitted by 120 countries. Unep has also considered other warming gas reduction commitments that have not yet been officially submitted to an NDC.

The report finds that the plans taken together will cut greenhouse gas emissions by around 7.5% in 2030 compared to previous commitments five years ago.

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This is nowhere near enough to keep the temperature threshold of 1.5 ° C in sight, say the scientists who created the study.

To keep 1.5 ° C alive, 55% cuts would be required by the same date in 2030. That means the current plans would have to be seven times as ambitious to stay below that limit.

“To have a chance of limiting global warming to 1.5 ° C, we have eight years to cut greenhouse gas emissions almost in half: eight years to make the plans, adopt the guidelines, implement them and finally carry out the cuts, ”said Inger Andersen. Managing Director of Unep.

“The clock is ticking loudly.”

According to the authors, the current pledges would warm the world by 2.7 ° C this century, a scenario Antonio Guterres calls a “climate catastrophe”.

He believes the report highlights the failure of political leaders.

“The emissions gap is the result of a leadership gap,” he said at the start of the study.

“But leaders can still make this a turning point into a greener future rather than a turning point into a climate catastrophe.”

As Mr Guterres suggests, there are some hopeful signs in the report.

Around 50 countries plus the EU have committed themselves to a net zero target by the middle of this century.

These strategies cover more than half of greenhouse gas emissions.

The Unep analysis shows that if these plans are fully implemented, the temperature rise could be reduced by 0.5 ° C by 2100.

This would bring the global temperature level down to 2.2 ° C, which would have dramatic and deadly effects of warming, but would be a step in the right direction from where the world is currently headed.

The problem, however, is that many of these net-zero goals are ambiguous, the authors say – especially in the world’s 20 richest nations, where a dozen long-term plans are believed to be fairly vague.

Many postpone significant cuts until after 2030, which raises serious doubts whether they can truly deliver net zero just 20 years later.

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Another hopeful sign relates to methane. The report also says that there is great potential for progress on these emissions, which are the second largest source of warming.

Up to 20% of these emissions from fossil fuels, waste and agriculture could be contained cheaply or free of charge.

However, the chance of developing a much greener world while the world recovers from Covid threatens to be lost, the authors say.

They find that around 20% of leisure investments support renewable energy and the green economy.

“The huge sums that are being spent to recover the economy from Covid-19 are a once in a lifetime opportunity to boost low carbon technologies and industries. In most cases, this opportunity is not used, ”said Brian O’Callaghan, project manager for the Economic Recovery Project at Oxford University and author of the UNEP report.

“This is a special slap in the face for vulnerable nations suffering the worst effects of climate change …

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