In October, Abdullah Hamdok accused politicians of being hostile to the army and served as prime minister for more than two years under a power-sharing arrangement between the civilian and the military until the army overthrew him.
Sudan’s Abdullah Hamdok returned to office after a military coup in October and resigned as prime minister six weeks later. The move deepens uncertainty about Sudan’s political future, and has shifted to elections since the fall of Omar al-Bashir, who ruled for many years in 2019.
Why did Hamdok resign?
Hamdok served as prime minister for more than two years under a power-sharing arrangement between civilians and the military, and in October accused politicians of being hostile to the army, until the army overthrew him. Under the agreement to partially end the coup, he led a technocratic government that was scheduled to run until the 2023 election.
However, his deal with the military was opposed by major political parties and protesters who overthrew Bashir.
Hamdok has said he will remain in office only if he can mobilize political support. However, in a televised speech on January 2, he said he had not been able to unite the polarized factions enough to move the transition forward. “In our armed forces and in all military apparatus: the people are the supreme authority,” he said.
Can he be replaced?
Despite the skepticism of Hamdok’s ability to reach a consensus in the midst of Sudan’s political turmoil, he was widely respected in his homeland and a key partner in the international community. Military leaders worked hard to persuade him to return after the coup, and it is unclear what other officials would be called later.
Does this mean full military control?
Since Hamdok’s return on November 21, he has revoked some of the high-ranking military appointments made by the military since the coup, including Bashir’s veterans. Whether these changes will remain is a test of military purpose.
Prominent pro-democracy figures, including several former ministers, have been released, but protesters have been arrested and security forces continue to disperse protesters using tear gas and live guns.
Dozens of people have died since October, doctors say. The “protest committees” and most prominent political parties, which organized the protests, said they were refusing to negotiate or partner with the military.
Why is this important?
The fate of the transition will be determined by the balance of power in Sudan’s 46 million people, who have emerged from decades of dictatorship, internal strife and economic isolation under Bashir.
Hamdok’s government has agreed to write off more than $ 56 billion in foreign debt, a move that has raised eyebrows. It introduced difficult economic reforms that were said to be beginning to work against poverty and widespread poverty.
They also agreed to follow the example of other Arab countries in normalizing relations with Israel. Transitional authorities have signed partial peace agreements with rebels in southern Sudan and Darfur, where unrest and displacement have escalated.
Sudan’s policy will affect the unstable region bordering the Sahel, the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa, where international forces are competing for influence. A year ago, clashes in Ethiopia’s Tigray region sent tens of thousands of refugees to Sudan, reviving a farm dispute on a disputed border.
The political storm surrounding the temporary hoisting of the European flag at the Victory Arch in Paris on the occasion of France’s presidency of the European Union has taken many by surprise. Monuments to the dead of war usually have the French flag.
The EU flag was lowered 48 hours after it was hoisted last night, but the government said its use was always temporary and was planned at the time, but did not respond to criticism.
The government of Emmanuel Macron organized the hoisting of the European flag at the Victory Arcade on December 31 to mark France’s six-month presidency of the European Union.
However, the flag has angered both members of France’s far-right and far-left parties, the Assembly National and La France Insoumise, as well as Valery Pecresse, a candidate for the presidency of the Les Republican (center-right) party. But look at the French flag.
The French flag was not lowered to change the color of the EU
European Secretary of State for European Affairs Clement Bone told FranceInfo on social media that the government did not unfurl the French flag because there were no special measures to fly the flag at the time.
Commenting on Ms Pecress, Mr Bon added: “It is strange to see the West misinterpreting the concept and running after the sanctified polemics.”
“Is it really disgusting to see a flag that symbolizes the longest period of peace in Europe?” asked journalist Matthew Croussando in an editorial in BFMTV.
Mr Croissandou added that the issue had identified both “recognizable and insane” political campaigns and a departure from reality at a time when Cove was accelerating.
“2022 Presidential Election Campaign Starts Controversial”
“Does this big 12-star blue flag require such a battle?” asked journalist Nicolas Beitut on Europe 1 Private Radio, adding that the controversy had officially launched the 2022 presidential election campaign.
The storm was triggered by Marine Le Pen.
Ms. Le Pen tweeted that she was outraged that the French flag had been replaced by a European flag under the Victory Arc at an unknown military mausoleum, calling it a “provocation”. “It’s an attack on the country’s reputation.”