Stocks rose sharply on Monday as investors showed hope about the economy’s ability to overcome the surge in Covid cases and focused on progress from the nation’s automakers.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 51 points, or about 0.1%. The S&P 500 gained 0.2% and the Nasdaq Composite advanced about 0.7%.

“It’s a glass-half-full start to the year and that’s been our perspective throughout 2021 and heading into 2022,” said Tom Hainlin, global investment strategist at U.S. Bank Wealth Management. “We’re still in that modestly optimistic outlook for the year ahead and think the economy and corporate profits are set up to support rising equity prices, at least in the first part of the year.”

That’s despite the ongoing threat of Covid-19 and uncertainty around the omicron variant, as well as the rise of inflation and the Federal Reserve’s plans to tighten monetary policy.

“The Federal Reserve and other central banks, and how they respond to inflation, are going to be key in 2022. So far, the Fed has been pretty clear in telegraphing what their plan is so investors have already priced that in,” Hainlin said. “If the jobs reports come in to support getting back to pre-pandemic employment, say by middle of 2022, the Fed will conclude their taper and they can begin raising rates, but this is all already in the vernacular of the investor.”

Tesla helped the market generate some early momentum Monday, rising 8.4% after the electric vehicle company reported 308,600 deliveries in the fourth quarter, beating expectations.

Along with Tesla, big automakers also saw their shares climb. Ford Motor and General Motors rose 1.5% and 2.6%, respectively.

Reopening stocks also pushed higher. Airlines rose as investors shrugged off concerns about holiday flight cancelations that have extended into Monday. American and United added about 3%. Cruise lines climbed, with Carnival Cruise Lines adding 3%. Casino stocks including Las Vegas Sands and Wynn Resorts gained about 1% apiece.

Stocks have a tendency to gain in the start of a new year as investors look to put new money to work, Bank of America noted on Monday. The S&P 500 was up in the first week of the calendar year in 11 of the last 13 years, with an average gain of about 1.6%, the firm found.

Monday’s moves come after markets closed out a strong 2021 last week. The S&P 500 rose nearly 27% for the year, with the Nasdaq Composite and Dow also posting large returns. Stocks fell slightly on Friday, but the S&P 500 and Dow were positive for the final week of the year.

Still, the new year starts with continued uncertainty around the Covid-19 pandemic. The rise of the omicron variant helped lead to the thousands of flight cancellations during the holiday season and has led some businesses and schools to consider temporary closures. Also, several major Wall Street banks have asked employees to work from home for the first few weeks of January.

Infectious disease expert Dr. Anthony Fauci told ABC’s “This Week” on Sunday that U.S. health officials may soon update guidelines to include a testing recommendation to signal when a person who previously tested positive for Covid can leave isolation.

Inflation and monetary policy are also expected to be key themes for 2022, as investors expect the Federal Reserve to hike rates multiple times in the coming year to help cool the rise in prices for consumers.

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“Just as for the economy as a whole, the market story for 2022 will be a return to normal. As hiring continues, spending grows, and businesses hire and invest, the economy will be normal. The government is normalizing policy on the same expectations. When you look at the macro picture, the overarching theme is 2022 will bring us back to something like normal,” Brad McMillan, chief investment officer for Commonwealth Financial Network, said in a note to clients on Friday.

The first week of the year will be a busy one for economic data, with the key December jobs report slated for a Friday morning release. On Monday, investors will get updated looks at manufacturing activity and construction spending.

— CNBC’s Michael Bloom contributed to this report.

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