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Analysts say aggressive diplomacy and defense training are important to address the Serbian leader’s threat of separatism.

Among the measures needed to resolve the security crisis, experts agree, is the need to send troops to Brcko, a strategically important city in northern Bosnia.

Analysts say that in order to eliminate the threat of separatism from Bosnian Serbian President Milorad Dodik, it is necessary to take aggressive diplomatic measures and prepare for defense.
Dodik, a Serbian member of Bosnia’s tripartite presidential council, sparked the country’s biggest political and security crisis in 26 years by announcing in October that the Republic of Serbia would withdraw from key state institutions, including the armed forces, and establish only Serbian ones. his land, in violation of the Dayton Peace Treaty.
The US-brokered Dayton Accords in Paris in December 1995 officially ended the war in Bosnia, but divided the country into two administrative units, the Serbian-led Republic of Serbia and the Union of Bosnian Croatia.
Dodik has been threatening to separate the Republic of Serbia for years and unite with Serbia, but his latest attempt to form a separate Serbian army is a source of concern.
During the international armed conflict in the early 1990s, the Republic of Serbia committed war crimes against non-Serbs.
Dodik, who has vehemently denied the Srebrenica massacre, announced in July that he was glorifying war criminals after a decision was made to deny the genocide of former High Representative Valentin Inzko and ban the commission of war crimes.
Serbian officials responded by boycotting central offices.
Dodik says the move will not lead to another war, but many are skeptical.
In a report to the United Nations Security Council earlier this month, Bosnia’s top envoy, Christian Schmidt, who oversees the implementation of the Dayton Accords, called Dodik’s actions “like separatism without a declaration.”

“If the international community does not intervene and take action,” the prospect of further divisions and conflict is very real, he said.
However, the international community, such as the European Union, which took over NATO’s responsibility for peace and security in Bosnia in 2004, made a sensational statement to the media and received little response.
Ismail Sidic, head of the Sarajevo-based Bosnian Advocacy Center, told Al Jazeera that the empty words were encouraging Dodik and his regime to continue their separatist efforts.
“The red line is constantly going down,” he said. Not to mention in 2005, something that no one could have imagined is commonplace today. In other words, Dodik is doing this because he understands that the international community will not respond properly. ”
US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken discusses expanding sanctions in Bosnian media on Tuesday; Dodge has been blacklisted in the United States since 2017 for obstructing the Dayton Accords.
In a letter to the three presidents, Blinken said he would “consider appropriate sanctions and withdrawal from state-level institutions to one side or to destabilize the Dayton Peace Accords.”
However, Sidic said additional US sanctions would not be effective, as most of Dodik’s businesses are linked to European or Russian markets.
“If the United States wants to have a stronger impact through any kind of sanctions, it needs to unite the EU,” Sidic said.

The EU did not support sanctions during a meeting of the EU Foreign Affairs Council in Brussels on Monday.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas called for sanctions against Dodik, but only the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Czech Republic reportedly supported him.
Hungary strongly opposed it, but the rest of the EU did not have a clear position.
Kurt Basswuener, a senior official at the Berlin-based Council for Democracy Policy, told Al Jazeera that no one on either side of the Atlantic wanted a proper solution to the Bosnian crisis because “no one wants to admit that the policy is wrong. For 15 years.” The expansion “encourages politicians to behave like responsible, accountable democrats.”
“Changing your policy now means acknowledging that you’ve [salvaged] it for a long time, that’s true.”

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