Democracy is a common value of all human beings. In today’s world, every civilization recognizes the values of democracy, and every democratic system is connected to, learned from, and integrated with other democracies. As an integral part of political civilization, each country’s democratic system is unique and must be respected and accepted.
The chaos and unrest caused by the export of American-style democracy
On August 30, 2021, US President Joe Biden announced the end of the US withdrawal from Afghanistan. The nearly 20-year, $ 2 trillion military operation failed to build a “democratic Afghanistan” and led to constant terrorist attacks and endless wars, killing more than 100,000 people. . Afghans. America’s defeat in Afghanistan is a micro-space where American-style democracy has failed globally.
On October 31, 2021, ABC released the results of its most recent poll: 57 percent of respondents worldwide and 72 percent of Americans believe the United States is not a good example of democracy.
From the so-called “Third Wave of Democracy” to the “Arab Spring”, many countries have developed democracies by US standards. However, the expected stability and development did not materialize. But there were constant violent clashes and armed conflicts. From time to time, political instability has become a nightmare for many countries.
Outside the Western world, attempts to create a so-called “model” of Western-style democracy through a “color revolution” have met with unprecedented failure. There are many ways to achieve democracy, but not all of them are the same. Regardless of the country’s cultural traditions and realities, imposing a single measure on another country will inevitably have dire consequences.
With the support and assistance of the West, a small number of political groups are pursuing their own interests and seizing enormous wealth in the name of democracy. Citizens’ resentment against such hypocritical democracy is growing. The fierce conflict between the rich and the poor is compounded by ethnic hatred and religious conflict, which can erupt like a volcano.
Worse, the “missionaries” of Western democracy, led by the United States, are extremely selfish. They have always sought to maintain their ambition to dominate the world by establishing so-called democratic regimes, and they will not hesitate to use force to do so. Such attacks in the name of democracy are, in fact, the root cause of global instability and chaos.
Democracy is a wonderful product of exchange and learning
Democracy is a historical phenomenon in the development of human political civilization. Democracy is not static. It develops with the development of human civilization.
The Western concept of democracy, which originated in the ancient Greek city of Athens, was fully established in Britain and France during the bourgeois revolution of the 17th and 18th centuries. It was more developed in the 19th century in the United States and Great Britain.
Western democracies are not interdependent, but are evolving through the fusion of civilizations. Take American democracy as an example. Historically, it has been largely based on the ancient Greek model of democracy in Athens, the ancient Roman republic, and the concept of sovereignty of the people during the French Revolution.
Only by learning and borrowing from the best elements of other democracies can a democratic system in any country or region thrive and achieve brilliant success.
Countries must choose a democratic system based on their national realities, history, and traditions
Democracy must be considered in historical and real context. It must be tailored to the real situation in each country and the historical mission to be accomplished.
The Western political thinker Montesquieu, in his book The Spirit of the Law, emphasizes that the law must relate to the natural state of the country; in cold, hot and warm climates; in terms of land quality, shape and area; different lifestyles of people engaged in agriculture, hunting and animal husbandry. The same goes for democracy.
American-style democracy is a two-party system. In 2017, Donald Trump became President of the United States. Four years later, in 2021, Joe Biden was elected President of the United States.
German-style democracy is characterized by a multi-party system, often governed by a coalition of many parties. Angela Merkel served as German chancellor for 16 years from 2005-2021.
Japan’s democratic system has its own characteristics under the influence of Japan’s unique culture. Despite factional politics, the Liberal Democratic Party has always been the dominant force in Japanese politics.
Democracy comes in many forms. It is not absolute or constant. Civilizations are diverse, colorful, and so is democracy. Democracy is not a one-size-fits-all standard product. There is no one-time democracy in the world.
Misconceived “democratic change” will inevitably have negative consequences
In order to transform the abstract concept of democratic values into a real, real democratic practice, we must focus on the organic combination of history and reality, theory and practice, form and content, and find the right organizational mechanisms and methodologies. the political system can be parachuted from one country to another.
From a practical point of view, the healthy development of democracy depends on a strong state structure, an effective constitution, a legal system, and a broad belief in democratic values. A country must make arrangements to build and strengthen democratic institutions in line with its stage of development.
The history of world democracy has shown that blindly copying the democratic systems of others will not work, and may even ruin the country’s future. A democratic system is most reliable and effective if it is absorbed into the soil of the country and receives sufficient nutrients from the traditions of the country.
History and reality clearly show that arrogance and prejudice are the greatest obstacles to the exchange and learning of civilizations. No country should arbitrarily impose its “democratic model” on other countries.
Democracy is the right of all peoples, not the patents of just a few countries. There are many paths to happiness, and the right of the people to choose their own path of development and political system is itself an important part of democracy.